Thursday August 22, 2019

Sri Lanka's new taxes in April and September

Mar 24, 2016 07:30 AM GMT+0530 | 4 Comment(s)

ECONOMYNEXT - Sri Lanka will charge newly proposed from April and September 2016 to bring down the budget deficit and stabilize the economy, Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe said.

"Some of the new taxes will be implemented from April and others from September," Prime Minister Wickremesinghe told parliament.

"There are in discussions. We are talking with the International Monetary Fund also mainly about it."

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe said the government had to revise the budget to take into account a volatile global situation.

Even Britain had revised its budget this year, he said. If Britain exits the European Union there may be more problems.

Prime Minister Wickremesinghe said though there were complaints about capital gains taxes, even in London there was capital gains taxes.

The IMF is helping Sri Lanka write a new tax code. Sri Lanka has an old income tax law which has been amended countless times, and the President, like some medieval feudal state, is exempt from tax.

Sri Lanka's elected ruling class, doctors and senior state workers are also given feudal style tax privileges. 

Though the British ended both serfdom and slavery in first half of the 19th century, these tax privileges which makes serfs of ordinary citizens, were given after independence when the tax system went to the hands of the elected ruling class, which is now increasingly hereditary.

A cabinet paper presented by Wickremesinghe in early March proposed to suspend tax reductions in corporate income taxes outlined in a budget for 2016 for one year, hike value added taxes to 15 percent and charge capital gains taxes.

With the new measures the budget deficit is expected to be at 679 billion rupees (5.4 percent of gross domestic product), down from the planned 740 billion rupees (5.9 percent of GDP) and domestic borrowings brought down to

Nation building tax (which is cascading) will be kept at 2 percent (instead of the 4 percent proposed in the budget) and threshold will be brought down to 3.0 million from 3.75 million as proposed in the budget.

Domestic financing of the budget is expected to come down to 378 billion rupees. The 2016 budget proposed to borrow 557 billion rupees from domestic markets from 519 billion rupees in 2015.

Sri Lanka's current economic woe began with an unsustainable 'Keynesian stimulus' in a revised 2015 budget, where some consumption taxes were cut, fuel prices were cut and state worker salaries raised by nearly 40 percent along with pensions.

The resulting deficit was financed partly by monetizing debt (printing money) which generated a balance of payments crisis.

Higher taxes will help the administration finance a sharp increase in salaries and pensions and reduce money printing in 2016.

 Taxes are less harmful than currency depreciation in fixing budget.

Money printing and the attended currency depreciation pushes up the price of all goods imposing 'belt tightening' on all citizens, especially the poor through the back door. The rupee has already fallen from 131 to 145  the US dollar, during the past year.

Sri Lanka's interest rates which were manipulated by the central bank with printed money generating a balance of payments crisis, have also started to move up, generating a correction in the credit system.

A rate cut in April is largely blamed for the current balance of payments pressure. Analysts warn that even with higher rates, if Treasury bill auctions fail and the central bank repays bill with printed money, pressure on the currency will remain, regardless of the interest rate.

Sri Lanka's speculative 'BB-' credit had already been downgraded by Fitch. (Colombo/Mar24/2016 - Update II - Corrected Apri 2016)


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  1. sacre blieu March 26, 07:12 AM

    Agree very much with the comment made by Dinesh. Furthermore, after having got elected society is made to look fools in paradise by reducing them to a position of slaves of politicians, with a veiled threat. Thuggery and extortion is rearing its head and the government dose not seem to have a convincing impact.The Nugegoda Super Market complex is run by thugs and the police are aware of this. The vendors are held to ransom by these extortionists.

  2. sacre blieu March 25, 09:53 AM

    We have and are following a course of self destruct. The issue of taxes has been one of deceit and deception. A careful study will reveal that taxation in Sri Lanka has been to the benefit of the tax dodgers , the rich and corrupt. The ultimate victim, the public. Who votes these blackguards into power, the public.

  3. Accountant March 24, 01:39 AM

    Britain became a developed country 200 years ago. We are a developing country. Britain provides advanced medical services free of charge to all its citizen. Most modern education is free to all children.Many other welfare services to the public. So no problem in collecting more taxes Here even three wheel drivers are compelled to put their children to private schools due to difficulties in admitting children. to government schools. Mr prime minister do you want your government to lose popularity rapidly? Why don't you see the pulse of the people? It seams you don't care about the sentiments of the people.

  4. Dinesh March 24, 10:48 AM

    Hon PM, How can you implement new taxes in 10 days when even the Cabinet does not have an idea of the details. People need to be educated on new taxes. If not it will be another disaster like the rushed VAT implementation.

    You are correct, their a Capital Gains Tax in London, but we are living in Colombo, Sri Lanka where the government is full of nepotism and corruption just read the news paper's published by your own family unlike the UK Government

    Also, the PM in UK takes action against corruption, all you do in Sri Lanka is appoint biased Committees and cover up the crimes of the cronies like the Bond scandal

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