AFP – Asian markets plummeted Monday as the Chinese yuan fell sharply, days after US President Donald Trump’s vow to impose fresh tariffs on goods from China sent trade war fears soaring.
Trump’s announcement, which came on Thursday, means virtually all of the $660 billion in annual merchandise trade between the world’s two biggest economies will be subject to punitive tariffs, with the latest duties due to take effect September 1.
The news saw all three major Wall Street indices slump to their lowest levels since June, with the S&P 500 and Nasdaq recording their worst weekly losses of 2019 on Friday.
In China, the yuan dropped to its lowest level to the dollar since August 2010, fuelling speculation that Beijing was devaluing its currency to support exporters and offset Trump’s latest threat to hit $300 billion in Chinese goods with 10 percent tariffs.
The US leader regularly accuses the Chinese central bank of artificially weakening the yuan — charges long denied by Beijing.
The onshore yuan tumbled to 7.0307 against the dollar — its lowest level since 2008 — while the more freely traded offshore yuan tumbled to 7.1085, breaching the 7.0 level which investors see as a key threshold in currency value.
Multiple rounds of tit-for-tat tariffs between the world’s top two economies have already battered trade, with China’s American imports shrinking 30 percent in the first half of the year.
Beijing has vowed to hit back if Washington goes ahead with its latest threat, while news that demand for US exports had weakened underscored concern that trade was becoming a trouble spot for economies worldwide.
– ‘A lot messier’ –
"China is likely to drag out their response and retaliate in many ways against the US trade measures," warned Edward Moya, senior market analyst at OANDA.
Although negotiators from both nations are expected to reconvene in Washington in early September for another round of talks after last week’s discussions in Shanghai, investors remain nervous, Moya said.
"Financial markets are still working on pricing in a complete collapse of trade talks amongst the Chinese and Americans," he said.
"The base case still remains for a deal to get done, but talks are likely to get a lot messier before we see anything… that resembles a deal."
The yuan’s depreciation spurred a sell-off across Asian markets, with Hong Kong losing more than three percent as pro-democracy protesters targeted the financial hub’s transport network, launching a city-wide strike aimed at forcing concessions from its embattled pro-Beijing government.
Tokyo and Seoul shed 2.4 percent while Shanghai fell 0.8 percent. Singapore dropped 1.9 percent while Taipei and Bangkok were also down.
– Key figures around 0300 GMT –
Tokyo – Nikkei 225: DOWN 2.4 percent at 20,590.87 (break)
Hong Kong – Hang Seng: DOWN 3.1 percent at 26,097.07
Shanghai – Composite: DOWN 0.8 percent at 2,844.38
Pound/dollar: DOWN at $1.2153 from $1.2162 at 2100 GMT Friday
Euro/dollar: UP at $1.1127 from $1.1106
Dollar/yen: DOWN at 105.88 yen from 106.59 yen
Brent North Sea crude: DOWN seven cents at $61.19 per barrel
West Texas Intermediate: DOWN 59 cents at $55.07 per barrel
New York – Dow: DOWN 0.4 percent at 26,485.01 (close)
London – FTSE 100: DOWN 2.3 percent at 7,407.06 (close)