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Thursday December 1st, 2022

Pahiyangala study also reveals Man first learned to live in a rainforest in prehistoric Sri Lanka – Academic

ECONOMYNEXT- A recent study into prehistoric cave dwellers in Pahiyangala found that 48,000 years ago these ancient humans adapted to a different environment away from coastal conditions for the first time in human history after leaving the African continent in Sri Lanka, Researcher Oshan Wedage said.

Wedage, a Lecturer in the Department of History and Archaeology of the University of Sri Jayawardenapura told reporters today June 16, this study was a part of his research paper for a doctoral thesis on how modern humans spread in tropical rain forests and how their day to day activities were carried out in those conditions

The overall study into the cave also known as Fa Hien’s cave after the famous Chinese explorer, made headlines when it revealed that bow-and-arrow technology existed in Sri Lanka before Europe.

Wedage said that they were able to recover tools from the excavations done in Pahiyangala and Kithulgala which were identified as ‘bone points’, a weapon created by animal bones to make arrowheads to hunt animals.

He said after obtaining specialist knowledge about the tools from Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Germany and Dr Michelle Langley from Griffith University in Australia, they were able to conclude that this tool was used as an arrow to hunt fast-moving animals in the rain forest.

The backdate of tools to 48,000 years using Carbon-14 tests also revealed the evidence of adaptation of humans to a different environment condition for the first time after leaving the African continent in the tropical rain forest which was previously thought to be barriers to human occupation, with limited prey opportunities and disease challenges.

Wedage said that due to the limited resources available in Sri Lanka, they had to seek foreign support to do the Carbon-14 testing and they were able to get accurate results by sending two sets of samples for backdating to Beta Analytic Laboratory in America and Oxford University in the UK which led to a special appreciation for the research. (Colombo/June16/2020)

Edited by Arjuna Ranawana

 

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Sri Lanka China-backed port to welcome second cruise ship

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka’s China-backed Hambantota Port said it was getting ready to welcome MV Azamara Quest, a cruise ship, as another passenger vessel departed.

Mein Schiff 5, operated by TUI had departed Hambantota International Port for Pulau Penang Island, Malaysia on November.

“As well as being her maiden call at the port, Mein Schiff 5 is the first passenger cruise ship to call at the port since the pandemic began,” said Johnson Liu, CEO of Hambantota International Port Group (HIPG) said in a statement.

“It was undoubtedly a great boost for the tourist economy in the south when the vessel called at the Hambantota International Port.”

Mein Schiff 5’s passengers had also visited the Bundala National Park, Hambantota Botanical Gardens, Galle and Kataragama.

Passengers had explored Hambantota by tuk-tuk, while others had enjoyed the beaches in the Shangri La Hotel, the port said.

MV Azamara Quest will arrive in Hambanota on on December 05. (Colombo/Dec01/2022)

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Sri Lanka’s shares gain in mid market trade

EXONOMYNEXT- Sri Lanka’s shares gained in mid market trade on Thursday (1), pushed up by strong positive sentiments on interest rates easing in line with inflation and speculation on government to hold talks with multilateral creditors ADB and World Bank for a possible loan facility.

Market has continued to gain for the past four sessions.

“Shares were moving on positive strong sentiments flowing in from yesterday (30), we are seeing a rally in the hotels, while the retail favorites such as LIOC and Expolanka,” analysts said.

Positive investor sentiments have been established, from positive comments from the Governor of the Central Bank over market rates eventually seeing an ease despite the fears of a domestic debt restructuring as inflation falls, increased liquidity in dollar markets, and the inter-bank liquidity improves.

Analysts further stated that, Treasury related stocks are also activated due to downward movements in yield.

All Share Price Index (ASPI) gained by 1.4 percent or 123.41 points to 8,774.64, while the most liquid share gained by 1.31% or 35.68 points to 2,765.

The market generated a turnover of 1.6 billion rupees at 1130 hours. (Colombo/Dec1/2022)

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Sri Lanka electricity losses from overpriced fuel, no tariff hike considered: regulator

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka’s state-run Ceylon Electricity Board’s high operating costs are partly due to excessive prices paid for fuel and no tariff hike is being considered, Chairman of the Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka, Janaka Ratnayake said.

The CEB itself does not buy fuel but depends on state-run Ceylon Petroleum Corporation and Lanka Coal, another state firm to buy fuel. Both firms are periodically caught in procurement scandals.

“They are paying about 385 plus rupees per litre for furnace oil,” Ratnayaka told EconomyNext.

“That is too much. From the global market we can buy it to much lower price. It can be imported below 200 rupees,”

“I ask the government to take the necessary steps to create a system to import furnace oil, like they did for fuel, to be imported at the lower price levels. If that happens, we can go without going for a price hike.”

Sri Lanka’s CEB generally gets furnace oil and residual oil from the domestic refinery and usually do not import furnace oil.

The refinery however is not regularly operating due to inability to get crude amidst the worst currency crisis in the history of the island’s intermediate regime central bank.

Ratnayake had earlier brought to light import costs of the CPC.

Pushing for operations efficiency of the CEB is a role of the regulator. Regulating costs based on global benchmark prices to push for procurement efficiencies is a standard practice. However the PUCSL is not the official regulator of the petroleum sector.

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Sri Lanka power tariff revisions sought in Jan and July: Minister

Power and Energy Minister Kanchana Wijesekera told parliament that cabinet approval was sought to twice yearly tariff hikes in January and July of each year.

No Electricity tariff hikes are being considered yet, Ratnayake said.

Wijesekera blamed the regulator as well as successive administrations for not regularly revising power prices and pushing the sector into crisis.

In Sri Lanka activists had also blocked cheap coal power. (Colombo/Dec01/2022)

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