Sri Lanka loan rate ceilings credit positive, Moody’s mistaken: Central Bank

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka’s central bank disputed an analysis by Moody’s Investor Service, a rating agency which said price controls slapped by the regulator will be credit negative for banks.

Sri Lanka has reduced the reserve ratio, where banks are required to keep part of the deposits inside the central bank by 2.5 percent releasing 150 billion rupees in resources.

The central bank had previously slapped price controls on deposits, which were lifted in September.

The price controls came after monetary instability in 2018, triggered by the central bank targeting both the exchange rate and the call money rate at the same time defying basic principles of economics, through what is called a ‘flexible exchange rate’ pushed rates up.

The regulator claimed there was ‘unhealthy’ competition for deposits implying that price controls were to ‘correct’ it.

With the lower reserve ratio and money market rates, lower policy rates and deposits rates as well as time given for banks to cut lending rates, the central bank said it had sought to minimised the disruption to banks.

Holding other factors constant, the central bank said it does not expect a material change in interest margins of banks.

“Furthermore, more realistic nominal and real lending rates are expected to stimulate economic activity gradually, thereby boosting the demand for credit,” the regulator said.

“This, along with improved repayment capacity of borrowers at lower interest rates, will help strengthen licensed banks, going forward, including by addressing the challenge of rising NPLs.

“Therefore, the Central Bank is of the view that the imposition of caps on lending rates of licensed banks would, in fact, be credit positive, contrary to the view held by Moody’s Investors Service.”

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The full statement is reproduced below:

On 27 September 2019, Moody’s Investors Service issued a Sector Comment on Sri Lankan banks titled “Sri Lanka’s lending rate cut is credit negative for banks.” In this respect, the Central Bank of Sri Lanka is of the view that the conclusion by Moody’s has not taken into account the complete information set, and is therefore unfounded.

The Central Bank of Sri Lanka has taken a number of measures over the past eleven months to ease monetary policy and monetary conditions in view of decelerating growth of credit and monetary aggregates and subdued economic growth, amidst well anchored inflation expectations.

Amongst these measures, the reduction in the Statutory Reserve Ratio (SRR) by 2.50 percentage points in two steps has enabled licensed commercial banks (LCBs) to invest additional funds amounting to around Rs. 150 billion in revenue generating activities.

The reduction in SRR has also improved rupee liquidity in the domestic money market, while a further reduction in money market interest rates has been effected by reducing policy interest rates by 100 basis points in two steps in May and August 2019.

The imposition of caps on deposit interest rates of licensed banks in April 2019, which was subsequently removed in September 2019, was aimed at limiting unhealthy competition in deposit mobilisation amongst banks and assisting them to reduce lending interest rates.

This temporary cap imposed in consultation with banks helped reduce the Average Weighted New Deposit Rate (AWNDR) by 284 basis points within four months since end April 2019.
However, in spite of continued deliberations with banks, most market lending interest rates have been downward rigid, unlike deposit interest rates as well as rates on short term funds and government securities.

It is in this context that the Central Bank imposed caps on lending rates of licensed banks on 24 September 2019.

With the substantial decline in cost of funds, in terms of lower SRR, lower money market interest rates, lower policy interest rates and lower deposit interest rates, along with the allowance of sufficient time for banks to adjust lending rates downwards, the Central Bank has sought to minimise any disruption to the smooth operation of the banking system as well as its profitability.

The Central Bank does not expect a material change in interest margins of the banking system arising from the imposition of caps on lending rates, holding other factors constant. The Central Bank has also announced its intention to review this action by March 2020.

Furthermore, more realistic nominal and real lending rates are expected to stimulate economic activity gradually, thereby boosting the demand for credit.

This, along with improved repayment capacity of borrowers at lower interest rates, will help strengthen licensed banks, going forward, including by addressing the challenge of rising NPLs.
Therefore, the Central Bank is of the view that the imposition of caps on lending rates of licensed banks would, in fact, be credit positive, contrary to the view held by Moody’s Investors Service.

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