ECONOMYNEXT- Sri Lanka has slipped in the global rankings for gender parity, a World Economic Forum report said.
Sri Lanka was ranked 102 out of 153 countries with an index score of 0.680 in the Global Gender Gap Report 2020 which looked at data from 2018, down from the rank of 100 in the 2019 report.
However, Sri Lanka had marginally improved its score in the 2020 rankings by 0.004 points, indicating that countries which were ranked lower than Sri Lanka had shrunk their gender gap faster.
In 2006, Sri Lanka was among the top 20 countries in the world, when the country had a higher score.
The scoring is based on a method where 0.00 represents imparity and 1.00 represents parity.
Sri Lanka was ranked behind Bangladesh and Nepal in South Asia.
The report is done on the four key pillars namely, Political Empowerment Gap, Economic Participation & Opportunity, Education Attainment and Health & Survival Gap.
South Asia has managed to close two thirds of its gender gap, report says, with forecasts stating that it will take 71 years to close the gap, provided that the region continues the progress of the past 15 years.
“The performance of South Asia across the four main areas of the Global Gender Gap Index is one of stark contrasts,” the report says.
With a score of 38.7 percent on the Political Empowerment subindex, women represent 20 percent or less of the parliament in six of the seven countries studied in South Asia.
However, in Sri Lanka, women represent 33 percent of the parliament, making it the only exception.
Sri Lanka ranks 126th in Economic participation and opportunity front, 88th
in Educational attainment, and 73rd in political empowerment.
Leading others, Sri Lanka has been ranked first on Health and survival pillar scoring 0.980 in the index.
In wage equality between men and women for similar work based solely on gender inequality, Sri Lanka scored 0.635.
Nordic countries Iceland, Norway, Finland and Sweden were the countries which the greatest gender parity. Nicaragua, New Zealand, Ireland, Spain, Rwanda and Germany rounded up the top 10. (Colombo/Dec18/2019)