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Saturday May 18th, 2024

Sri Lanka to allow maize, soybean imports on open account

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka President Ranil Wickremesinghe has allowed maize and soybean imports on open account terms for poultry feed producers while the time given to import other foods on similar terms was also extended, according to a gazette notice.

Sri Lanka banned open account imports in May despite banks being reluctant to open letters of credit fast due to forex shortages raising fears of food shortages and price spikes.

However President Ranil Wickremesinghe allowed imports of staple foods under open account terms, ensuring steady supply of lentils, sugar, onion and potatoes initially at elevated prices.

Sri Lanka faced forex shortages after money was printed by the central bank to suppress rates and sterilize interventions. Rates have now been allowed to go up to reduce domestic credit and outflows.

Maize and Soybean could be imported by registered poultry feed makers with the approval of Secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture.

Sri Lanka has a draconian import licensing raj for maize to keep domestic prices artificially high and give fat profits to maize collectors generally referred to as a ‘mafia’ and promoting protein malnutrition among less affluent, critics have said.

Poultry farmers are caught pincer-like between maize farming collector lobby on production costs and the Consumer Affairs Authority which places price controls on chicken meat and eggs.

Due to artificially high feed costs due to protectionism Sri Lanka also cannot build a competitive export industry in poultry, analysts have said.

Sri Lanka is now facing steeply higher food prices after the central bank printed money for two years and the currency collapsed from 182 to 360 to the US dollar, while a domestic maize harvest was also reduced in 2022 due to a fertilizer ban in another state intervention.

Ajith Gunasekera, President of the All Island Poultry Association had warned for several months that chicken were laying less eggs due to lower quality feed. When it becomes expensive to feed chicken, farmers tend to sell them for meat amid higher meat prices.


Sri Lanka livestock face malnutrition after money printing

Sri Lanka chicken, egg production plunge amid soft-peg collapse

Last month egg prices topped over 60 rupees and the Consumer Affairs Authority slapped price controls taking away the incentive for farmers to start fresh batches.

Sri Lanka is now having a better than expected harvest of rice and the minister of Agriculture has called for the industry to allow rice to be used as an input. A Consumer Affairs Authority gazette now bans rice from being used for animal feed, in another disruptive state intervention. (Colombo/Sept19/2022)

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Sri Lanka suffers over $138mn foreign outflow from govt bonds in 2024 after rate cuts

ECONOMYNEXT – Foreign investors have dumped 41.6 billion-rupee ($138.6 million) worth of Sri Lanka government securities in the first 20 weeks of 2024, the central bank data showed, after reduction in the key policy interest rates.

The foreign holding in Sri Lanka’s treasury bills and treasury bonds fell to 75.9 billion rupees on the week ended on Friday (17), May 2024, from 117.4 billion rupees on the week ended on December 29.

The central bank rate has reduced the key policy rates by 50 basis points so far in 2024, extending the rates cut by 700 basis points since June last year.

The rupee appreciated 9.1 percent in the first four months, but the gain failed to attract foreign investors amid a dragged debt restructuring negotiation with external private creditors.

Currency dealers said lackluster demand for dollars due to dampened imports with heavy controls, boom in both tourism revenue and remittances have helped to increase the dollar liquidity in the market, leading to the appreciation of the local currency.

The dealers said foreign investors can earn capital gain if they had bought government securities before the appreciation and now the offshore investors might be selling their bonds.

“They are also discouraged by policy rate cut because that will reduce their returns from the rupee bond investments,” a currency dealer said.

The yield in 12-month T-bills has fallen 336 basis points in the first four months of this year, the central bank data showed.

The central bank also reduced the Statutory Reserve Ratio (SRR) of commercial banks by 200 basis points in August last year to boost liquidity in the market with an aim to reduce market interest rates.

Under tough International Monetary Fund (IMF) conditions for its $3 billion loan program, the central bank raised key monetary policy rates in 2022 and last year to bring down inflation which hit over 70 percent in 2022. The inflation has fallen to the lower single digit now.

The rupee has appreciated to around 300 against the US dollar this week from around 330 level early in November. The local currency was at 365 rupees against the US dollar in early 2022. Depreciation causes capital loss for foreign investors. (Colombo/May 18/2024)

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Sri Lanka’s ‘Sancharaka Udawa’ tourist fair seeks to involve universities

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka’s ‘Sancharaka Udawa’ tourism fair kicked off this week to promote interaction between industry stakeholders and relevant Government bodies, including the Tourist Police, and also universities.

“Several universities, including Colombo, Uva Wellasa, Kelaniya, Sabaragamuwa and Rajarata were given free stalls to facilitate student interaction with industry professionals,” Chairman of the Sancharaka Udawa Organising Committee, Charith De De Alwis said in a statement.

The event takes place today (18) at the BMICH and houses stalls for hoteliers, tour and transport services, with a goal of attracting 10,000 visitors.

Organized by the Sri Lanka Association of Inbound Tour Operators (SLAITO) and the Sri Lanka Tourism Promotion Bureau (SLTPB), the 11th edition of Sancharaka Udawa offers a platform for both B2B and B2C sectors.

“Sancharaka Udawa houses over 170 exhibitors and a footfall of more than 10,000 visitors,” De Alwis said.

This year’s edition will include participants from outbound tourism sectors to facilitate capacity building. The event provides networking opportunities for industry newcomers and veterans.

“The networking platform offers opportunity for small and medium-sized service providers integrating them into the broader tourism landscape. The anticipated outcome is a substantial increase in bookings particularly for regional small-scale tourism service providers.” (Colombo/May18/2024)

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Sri Lanka’s CEB sells LTL shares to West Coast IPP for Rs26bn

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka’s state-run Ceylon Electricity Board has sold shares of an affiliate to West Coast Power Company Limited, an independent power producer giving profits of 25.9 billion rupees in the March 2024 quarter, interim accounts showed.

The sale has been carried out as a transfer.

“Twenty-eight percent (28-pct) of share ownership of CEB within LTL Holding’s equity capital has been transferred to West Coast Power Company Ltd for a total consideration of Rs 26 billion as part of a partial settlement of outstanding dues…” the March interim accounts said.

“This transaction resulted in a net gain of Rs25.9 billion rupees which has been recognized and reflected in the ‘Gain from Share Disposal’ in the individual financial statement in CEB.”

LTL Holdings is a former transformer making unit of the CEB set up with ABB where the foreign holding was sold to its management.

The firm has since set up several IPPs.

West Coast Power operates a 300MW combined cycle IPP in Kerawalapitiya promoted by LTL group liked firms in which both the Treasury and Employees Provident Fund also have shares.

Its operational and maintenance contract is with Lakdhanavi, another private IPP. The firm has been paying dividends.

The capital gain from the transfer of shares helped the CEB post profits to 84 billion rupees for the March 2024 quarter.

CEB reported gross profits of 62.7 billion rupees from energy sales and 30.6 billion rupees in other income and gains in the March 2024 quarter. Other income was only 3.1 billion rupees in last year. (Colombo/May18/2024)

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