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Tuesday May 30th, 2023

Sri Lanka to monetize billions of rupees of contractor bills

PAPER: Instead of keeping a piece of paper, it can be turned into money Information Minister Bandula Gunewardene said.

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka will turn billions of rupees worth contractors bills due from government into money at 4 percent, by re-financing them though the central bank, Information Minister Bandula Gunewardene has said.

There were 240 billion rupees of arrears due to contractors for work carried out for the government in the past, Minister Gunewardene said.

The contractors were ‘completely stuck’ due to payment delays he said.

Turning Paper into Money

“If the government has approved work done by your company – lets say for 50 billion rupees – for that a bill is given,” Minister Gunewardene explained.

“A bill that has to be settled (nirawul kala yuthu bill pathak). Against this concessionary credit is given.

“Until the government settles those bills in a future budget, instead of keeping a paper, the opportunity to turn the paper into money has been given (kadadasiya deelar mudal tikker ganna).

“Then they can start their business again.”

It is not clear how much of the bills would be discounted at the central bank.

Sri Lanka’s central bank said on June 16 that a total of 150 billion rupees of re-finance (printed money) would be provided to banks at 01 percent to on-lend to Coronavirus affected businesses at 4 percent raising an original 50 billion rupee facility.

“In addition, the construction sector enterprises will be provided with a facility to borrow from LCBs, using guarantees issued by the government equivalent to the amount due on account of contracts carried out in the past, under a new dedicated credit scheme funded by the Central Bank and made available at the aforementioned concessionary rates,” the central bank said.

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Sri Lanka central bank not yet trippled Zimbabwe style quasi-fiscal facility

Earlier in June the monetary authority came under fire from President Gotabaya Rajapaksa for not increasing the 50 billion rupee facility to 150 billion rupees when it was first ordered to do so.

The central bank then tripp;ed the facility and said also cut the reserve ratio by another 2 percent releasing another 115 billion rupees in to money markets.

Similar schemes to finance state enterprises, local authorities and also private firms were started by the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe contributing to severe monetary instability.

Auction yields of Sri Lanka rupee bonds have fallen below that of dollar bonds since then.

Budget Constraints

Minister Gunewardene said the scheme to re-finance bills into money was made due to the inability to immediately pay contractors through the budet.

“The government once tried to increase the vote-on-account to pay for the contractors and that was not allowed,” Minister Gunewardene said.

“So we have started a new system.”

He said the new re-finance schemes would increase money circulation and give new life to the economy.

Soon after the then-parliament which was controlled by the opposition refused to expand the limits of the vote-on-account, it was dissolved for elections. Since then spending has been allocated by a budget using a constitutional provision.

A similar scheme of discounting bills through the central bank was started in 1932 by the then Reichsbank President Hans Luther for public works called OFFA bills, economic analysts say.

To circumvent budget rules bills were issued through a company called Deutsche Gesellschaft für öffentliche Arbeiten AG, (OFFA) which were to be re-financed by discounting with the central bank.

In 1933, when the Reichsbank was pressed to increase OFFA bill operations to finance arms production, Luther refused.

He was replaced by Hjalmar Schacht as the President of Reichsbank. Schacht issued bills through another company called MEFO to defence contractors. MEFO bills carried an interest rate of 4 percent.

“MEFO led to monetary instability and foreign exchange problems for Germany and Schacht tried to reduce the impact by trying to extend the maturity up to five years,” says ENs economic columnist Bellwether says.

“Due to foreign exchange problems Germany then struck deals with various countries including later Axis powers like Romania to import raw materials.”

By re-financing bills from a different company, Schacht also circumvented Reichsbank rules against printing money for the budget.

Sri Lanka’s central bank, like several central banks promoted by US New Dealers after the end of World War II, has no such strict limitations and has regularly monetized government debt leading to high inflation and currency depreciation.

Mercantilism

The rupee has fallen from 4.70 to 186 to the US dollar since the creation of the central bank in 1950, abolishing a currency board which was in operation until then.

Due to classical economic illiteracy and strong beliefs in Mercantilism many in Sri Lanka believe that monetary instability in the form of currency depreciation and balance of payments troubles are due to trade and not money and credit.

Data released by the central bank this week showed that about 203 billion rupees had been printed in March and April, not counting about another 175 billion rupees released to the banking system though reserve ratio cuts.

Up to June 28 billion had been given through 1-percent re-finance, at time when the reverse repo rate is 6.5 percent.

About 1.3 billion dollars in reserves had been lost to mop up the liqudity. Another 200 billion rupees of excess liquidity (about 1.1 billion US dollars) is sloshing about in the banking system.

The excess money (until they are mopped up through currency defence) is parked at the central bank at 5.5 percent, which analysts say may help avert some mal-investments. However stock prices are rising.

Sri Lanka has been undner strict import controls and exchange controls from April. Private credit had begun to fall in April after the economy was locked down to fight Coronavirus data showed, easing pressure on the currency.

Minister Gunewardene said the exchange controls would be extended for another 6 months from July. (Colombo/June27/2020)

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India extends under utilized $1 bln credit facility to Sri Lanka by one year 

ECONOMYNEXT – India has extended a $1 billion credit facility to Sri Lanka by another year after the loan that was given to help the crisis-hit island nation to continue import of essentials was not fully utilized in the 12 month period originally agreed, officials said.

Sri Lanka faced with a looming sovereign default signed the credit facility in March 2022 for one year through March 2024. However, the full $1 billion had not been utilized yet.

The Facility has been used for urgent procurement of fuel, medicines, food items and industrial raw materials, as per the requirements and priorities of Sri Lanka.

“The initial agreement was signed in 2022 March and out of the 1000 million US dollars allocated materials were imported for $576.75 mil,” Shehan Semasinghe, State Finance Minister said in his official twitter platform.

“The agreement is extended for the remaining $423.25 mil. We will prioritize the import of essential medicines till March 2024.”

Indian High Commission in Colombo said the State Bank of India (SBI) has extended the tenure of the $1 billion Credit Facility provided to Sri Lanka in response to a request from the Government of Sri Lanka.  (Colombo/May 30/2023)

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Sri Lanka President cleared to discuss cancelled LRT after soured Japan relations

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka’s Cabinet of Ministers approved a proposal by President Ranil Wickremesinghe discuss resuming a Japan funded. Light Rail Transit (LRT) project cabinet spokesman said, as the island nation is in the process of mending ties with Tokyo.

However, any such deals are likely to take place after the debt restructuring and Sri Lanka starts to repay its foreign loans to come out of default, analysts say.

Former President Gotabaya Rajapaksa unilaterally cancelled the 1.5 billion US dollar LRT and East Container Terminal (ECT) projects in 2021. Japan agreed to fund the LRT project while it was one of the tripartite members of the ECT project along with India and Sri Lanka.

The abrupt cancellation hit the diplomatic ties between the two countries and Sri Lankan government officials have said Japan had given the project to Sri Lanka at a very lower financing cost.

President Wickremesinghe returned from Japan late last week after having met top officials of the Japanese government including its prime minister.

“In recent history, due to the stopping of several agreements and proposals suddenly, President Wickremesinghe went to Japan after creating the background to clear some of the worries we have,” Cabinet Spokesman Bandula Gunawardena told the weekly media briefing.

“Before he went, he got the approval from the cabinet to resume the discussion on the light railway project. He got the approval from the cabinet to get parliament approval for bilateral agreements signed or any other investments project. Any change or cancellation of a project could be done only with the approval of the parliament.”

Japan has backed Sri Lanka under Wickremesinghe’s presidency after the island nation declared sovereign debt default. (Colombo/May 30/2023)

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Sri Lanka to tighten grip on television with broadcast law

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka has formulated a broadcast authority law to regulate electronic media which will be made public soon, Cabinet spokesman Minister Bandula Gunawardana said.

“The draft prepared by a cabinet subcommittee under Justice Minister Wijedasa Rajapaksa has discussed with various parties will be given to all media institutions and broadcast media,” Gunawardana said.

“We do not have to hide or force anyone. A legal framework that can be acceptable to all for all sectors.”

“In a week or two Minister Wijedasa will discuss with state and private stakeholders.”

At the moment Sri Lanka has issued frequencies without conforming to an “international procedures”, he said.

In Sri Lanka television frequencies are issued under a state television act.

Successive administrations in Sri Lanka has since around 1980 mis-used state television duopoly which including for conducting elections according to critics.

Private television as well a raio emerged around the 1990s and has since over shadowed state media.

There have been calls by ruling party politicians from time to time to control private media. There is now calls to control social media.

At a Committee on Public Accounts meeting of the Department of Government Information, ruling coalition legislators called for regulation of television content. (Colombo/May30/2023)

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