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Friday August 12th, 2022

Sri Lanka’s Bank of Ceylon ‘CCC’ rating place on watch for possible downgrade

ECONOMYNEXT – Fitch Ratings has placed Sri Lanka’s Bank of Ceylon on watch for possible downgrade as forex shortages worsened after two years of money printing under a highly discretionary ‘flexible inflation targeting’ regime with a reserve collecting peg.

The Rating Watch Negative (RWN) “has been driven by heightened near-term downside risks to Sri Lankan banks, including BOC, from constrained access to foreign currency funding and indications of stress experienced by banks in the system as result,” Fitch said.

“We aim to resolve the RWN in the next six months depending how the bank’s funding and liquidity position evolves,” the rating agency said.

“Fitch sees the foreign-currency funding and liquidity positions of domestic banks as prone to sudden changes in already weak creditor sentiment.”

This week the government and public entities would suspend payments of debt from April 12.

The full statement is reproduced below:

Fitch Ratings – Colombo – 12 Apr 2022: Fitch Ratings has placed Bank of Ceylon’s (BOC) Long-Term Foreign-Currency Issuer Default Rating (IDR) of ‘CC’, Long-Term Local-Currency IDR of ‘CCC’ and Viability Rating (VR) of ‘cc’ on Rating Watch Negative (RWN). BOC’s Government Support Rating of ‘No Support’ has been affirmed.

Fitch has also placed BOC’s National Long-Term Rating of ‘AA-(lka) on RWN.

A full list of rating actions is below.



The RWN on BOC’s VR and IDRs has been driven by heightened near-term downside risks to Sri Lankan banks, including BOC, from constrained access to foreign currency funding and indications of stress experienced by banks in the system as result. This risk is exacerbated through the sovereign’s credit profile (Sri Lanka: Long-Term Foreign-Currency IDR of ‘CC’ and Long-Term Local-Currency IDR of ‘CCC’) and ensuing risks to the stability of the financial system.

Fitch believes mounting currency stress is increasing the likelihood of restrictions being imposed on BOC’s ability to service obligations in foreign currency and local currency in the event of a sovereign default, or if confidence erodes before that default event.

BOC’s Long-Term Local-Currency IDR takes into consideration that the risk of local-currency restrictions being imposed is lower than that of foreign-currency restrictions should the sovereign move towards default.

We aim to resolve the RWN in the next six months depending how the bank’s funding and liquidity position evolves.

Fitch sees the foreign-currency funding and liquidity positions of domestic banks as prone to sudden changes in already weak creditor sentiment.

Loan and deposit dollarisation for the sector remained at 18% of total loans and 17% of total deposits at end-2021. The operating environment (OE) score was maintained at ‘ccc’/negative as it factors the incremental deterioration in Sri Lanka’s economy stemming from the sovereign profile, which may constrain the bank’s operating flexibility.

Sri Lanka’s operating environment continues to be challenging and the negative outlook reflects the significant near-to-medium term downside risk presented by the sovereign’s weak credit profile, as spillover effects could impact economic performance.

Fitch has also revised the banking sector outlook for 2022 to deteriorating from neutral. Economic challenges are likely to be larger than we initially anticipated. This could result
in sharp asset-quality deterioration and significantly impair profitability, which could expose banks to capital deficiencies.

We have lowered BOC’s business profile score to ‘ccc’/negative, from ‘b-‘/negative, given the bank’s vulnerability to increased risks in the Sri Lankan market that would hurt its ability to generate and defend business volume. The score also takes into account BOC’s dominant domestic market position as Sri Lanka’s largest bank, accounting for around 20% of sector assets. The negative outlook captures the pressure on BOC’s business profile stemming from the OE and, ultimately, the sovereign.

We lowered BOC’s risk profile to ‘cc’/negative, from ‘ccc’/negative, to reflect the bank’s exposure to the sovereign and broader public sector – in particular those denominated in foreign currency – which elevates its risk profile. This includes its significant exposure via loans, off-balance-sheet transactions and securities, exposing the bank to the sovereign’s repayment capacity and liquidity position. The negative outlook reflects downside risk to BOC’s risk profile from the OE and the sovereign.

BOC’s asset-quality score has been lowered to ‘cc’/negative, from ‘ccc’/negative, to reflect the likely deterioration of corporate and household balance sheets in increasingly challenging macroeconomic conditions, and the significant exposure to the sovereign and broader public sector. The negative outlook reflects our view of downside risk to the asset-quality score from its exposure to the sovereign and the OE.

BOC’s earnings and profitability score has been revised down to ‘ccc+’/negative from ‘b-‘/negative. This captures the higher risks to earnings and profitability, and the increased possibility of the bank becoming structurally unprofitable for a sustained period. The negative outlook on the score is due to the downside risk from potential economic fallout.

We have maintained BOC’s capitalisation and leverage score of ‘ccc’/negative and funding and liquidity score at ‘cc’/negative (see “Fitch Downgrades Bank of Ceylon to ‘CC’ on Sovereign Downgrade; Affirms Local-Currency IDR”).

The VR is below the implied score of ‘ccc’, as we believe BOC’s funding and liquidity profile has a greater influence on the VR than the weighting would suggest. This reflects our view of heightened risks to the stability of BOC’s foreign-currency funding and liquidity stemming from the deterioration in the sovereign’s foreign-currency credit profile.


The Government Support Rating reflects our assessment that there is no reasonable assumption of government support being forthcoming (see link to 24 December 2021 rating action commentary above).


The RWN on BOC’s National-Long Term Rating reflects the RWN on its Long-Term Local-Currency LT IDR and also the potential for the bank’s creditworthiness relative to other Sri Lankan national scale ratings to deteriorate, given the potential stress on banks’
funding and liquidity, and also for BOC, its significant exposure to the sovereign and broader public sector that raises its risk profile.


The RWN on the subordinated debt stems from the RWN on the National Long-Term Rating. The Basel II Sri Lankan rupee-denominated subordinated debt of BOC is rated two notches below its National Long-Term Rating, in line with Fitch’s baseline notching for loss severity for this type of debt and our expectations of poor recovery.


Factors that could, individually or collectively, lead to negative rating action/downgrade:


The RWN on the VR, IDRs and National Ratings reflects the rising risks from funding stresses in Sri Lanka. We expect to resolve the RWN in the next six months, when the impact on the bank’s credit profile becomes more apparent. Potential downgrade triggers include: a temporary negotiated waiver or standstill agreement following a payment default by BOC on a large financial obligation; where Fitch believes BOC has entered into a grace or cure period following non-payment of a material financial obligation; further funding stress impeding BOC’s repayment ability; and material intervention in the banking sector by the authorities that could constrain BOC’s ability to service its obligations.

A further downgrade of the sovereign rating stemming from a default event could also lead to a downgrade of BOC’s ratings.


The rating is already at its lowest level and thus has no downside risk.


BOC’s subordinated debt rating will move in tandem with the National-Long Term Rating.

Factors that could, individually or collectively, lead to positive rating action/upgrade:


There is limited scope for upward rating action on the National Ratings and also the VRs and IDRs of BOC given the RWN, and the negative outlook we have on all rating factors.


The Government Support Rating is constrained by the sovereign rating. An upward revision is possible, provided the sovereign’s ability to provide support significantly improves. However, this appears unlikely in the near to medium term.


BOC’s subordinated debt rating will move in tandem with the National-Long Term Rating.


The assigned VR is below the implied VR, reflecting a negative adjustment from the weakest link of BOC’s funding and liquidity, which has a greater impact on the VR than what the weighting suggests.
BOC has a 1.78% equity stake in Fitch Ratings Lanka Ltd. No shareholder other than Fitch, Inc. is involved in the day-to-day rating operations of, or credit reviews undertaken by, Fitch Ratings Lanka Ltd.


International scale credit ratings of Financial Institutions and Covered Bond issuers have a best-case rating upgrade scenario (defined as the 99th percentile of rating transitions, measured in a positive direction) of three notches over a three-year rating horizon; and a worst-case rating downgrade scenario (defined as the 99th percentile of rating transitions, measured in a negative direction) of four notches over three years. The complete span of best- and worst-case scenario credit ratings for all rating categories ranges from ‘AAA’ to ‘D’. Best- and worst-case scenario credit ratings are based on historical performance. For more information about the methodology used to determine sector-specific best- and worst-case scenario credit ratings, visit


The principal sources of information used in the analysis are described in the Applicable Criteria.


Bank of Ceylon has an ESG Relevance Score of ‘4’ for Governance Structure due to ownership concentration, with a 100% state shareholding and several related-party transactions with the state and state-owned entities, which has a negative impact on the credit profile, and is relevant to the rating in conjunction with other factors.
Unless otherwise disclosed in this section, the highest level of ESG credit relevance is a score of ‘3’. This means ESG issues are credit-neutral or have only a minimal credit impact on the entity, either due to their nature or the way in which they are being managed by the entity.

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Sri Lanka cancels visa of Scotswoman who documented anti-govt protests

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka’s Department of Immigration and Emigration has cancelled the visa of Kayleigh Fraser, a Scotswoman who had been documenting the country’s anti-government protests on social media.

Immigration officers had approached Fraser at her home on August 02 and confiscated her passport.

“This is what will happen if you raise your voice against state violence in Sri Lanka,” Fraser wrote on Wednesday August 10, posting a letter ordering her to leave the country by August 15.

“I am proud to have been a part of this. I am proud to have met so many of you. I have… so many social enterprises I want to work on here that I know will benefit so many,” Fraser said on Instagram.

“Deporting me is a massive, massive mistake for this country. The love I have for it and its people appears to be a threat to the current rulers. Does that sound right to you?”

Fraser posted that she was not prepared for the financial cost of flights and relocation, and that all her funds were in Sri Lankan currency, and that banks were not allowing foreign transactions.

Police spokesperson Nihal Thalduwa had told a privately owned news organisation that Fraser was sharing “negative content” about Sri Lanka via her social media.

“It is not right for a foreign national to be in our country and share such mass negative content. She is not a media personnel either, to cover the protests and GotaGoGama,” he has said.

Fraser has been vocal about state sanctioned violence against protestors.

News of Fraser’s deportation has caused a small riot on social media, with many protestors voicing out their support for the foreigner who documented and showed support next to them.

Seemingly indiscriminate arrests of protestors aided by an ongoing State of Emergency have both angered and frightened Sri Lankan protestors, and many active protestors have gone into hiding to evade arrest.

Some protestors said they were “taking a break” or “distancing themselves” due to continued harassment.

However, the authorities maintain that all arrests are in accordance with the law. The government has pointed to acts of retaliatory mob violence on May 09 and the forced occupation of government buildings by protestors on July 09.

“They are calling us terrorists for holding placards. This was such a peaceful protest, the only terrorism carried out was by the government against the people,” said an active protestor, who preferred not to be named.

Fraser wrote that Sri Lankans should not forget that they got to the streets for a system change.

“Live in such a way that your children will thank you for the world they inherit,” she said.

“It’s not over till it’s over. I have an unbelievable amount of high profile people fighting this order for me to leave.”(Colombo/Aug11/2022)



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Sri Lanka to acquire 35,000MT of petrol; unloading on Aug 12

ECONOMYNEXT-  Sri Lanka to receive a cargo of 35,000 metric tonns of petrol on Thursday August 11 with unloading scheduled for Friday, Minister of Power & Energy Kanchana Wijesekara said.

Wijesekara tweeted that the ship will arrive at the Colombo port Thursday night, and that the payment for the cargo had been completed with the support of the Central Bank by Wednesday.

The minister had said earlier on Wednesday that a separate cargo of crude oil is also expected on Saturday August 13, and from August 19 onwards, locally produced fuel is expected to be released to the market from the Sapugaskanda refinery.

Meanwhile, in an earlier report, Lanka IOC, a local unit of the Indian Oil Corporation (OIC), said a vessel carrying 30,000 metric tons of fuel for LIOC is scheduled to arrive between August 10 and 15.

Related: Three shipments of fuel to arrive in Sri Lanka by mid, end July, August: Lanka IOC

Meanwhile, Wijesekara said that 5.7 million people have signed up for the QR-code facilitated National Fuel Pass.

From July 21 up to now, Wijesekara said, a total of 54.9 million litres of fuel had been sold through 1,053 CPC fuel stations while 207 LIOC stations have sold 11.26 million litres of fuel. (Colombo/Aug11/2022)

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MPs nominated to Sri Lanka’s parliamentary committee on public finance

The sun sets over the Parliament at Shri Jayewardenepura

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka’s parliament has appointed members to its Committee on Public Finance, Speaker Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena said.

According to his announcement made in parliament on Wednesday August 10, in terms of the provisions of the Standing Order 121 of Parliament, MPs Bandula Gunawardana,  Vidura Wickramanayaka,  Nalin Fernando,  Anura Priyadharshana Yapa,  Vijitha Herath,  Duminda Dissanayake,  Shehan Semasinghe,  Premitha Bandara Tennakoon and Harsha de Silva have been appointed.

Indika Anuruddha Herath,  Siripala Gamalath, Seetha Arambepola, Suren Raghavan,  M A Sumanthiran,   Kavinda Heshan Jayawardhana,  Mujibur Rahuman,  Harshana Rajakaruna,  Chaminda Wijesiri,  Isuru Dodangoda,  Anupa Pasqual and  (Prof) Ranjith Bandara also have been appointed to serve as members in the Committee on Public Finance.

President Ranil Wickremesinghe tabled a proposed framework during his time as Prime Minister under President Gotabaya Rajapaksa for sectoral oversight committees in parliament with the objective of increased bipartisan parliamentary involvement in governance and policy-making.

Wickremesinghe told parliament on July 06 that under such a system, the entire parliament irrespective of party difference will participate in governance.

On July 06, he said he had approached former Speaker of Parliament Karu Jayauriya to formulate a proposal on activating the sectoral oversight committees.

Sectoral Oversight Committees shall function for the duration of Parliament and conduct its inquiries notwithstanding any adjournment or prorogation of Parliament, according to the parliament website.

The Committee of Selection shall determine the subjects and functions to be allocated to each Sectoral Oversight Committee.

The Sectoral Oversight Committees shall have the power to examine any Bill, any subsidiary legislation including Regulation, Resolution, Treaty, Report or any other matter relating to subjects and functions within their jurisdiction.

The Parliament, any Committee or a Minister may refer any matter to a Sectoral Oversight Committee having jurisdiction over the subject or function for its consideration and report. (Colombo/Aug11/2022)


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