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Monday February 6th, 2023

Sri Lanka’s brawling beauties end up at the police station

UNCROWNED: A video of the un-crowning taken by a member of the audience went viral on social media.

ECONOMYNEXT – A high-profile beauty pageant for Sri Lanka’s married women ended in disaster as the winner was unceremoniously de-crowned by her predecessor in front of a live audience, police said Monday.

The “Mrs. Sri Lanka 2021” contest at the Nelum Pokuna Mahinda Rajapaksa theatre became a farce after the declared winner, Pushpika de Silva, was forced out within minutes by her immediate predecessor Caroline Jurie.

Jurie said that de Silva was disqualified because she was divorced, a claim that is denied by the original winner who minutes earlier had been crowned by Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa’s wife Shiranthi.

Police said de Silva lodged a complaint Monday against Jurie and another woman identified as Chula Manamendra who forced the crown away from her and placed it on the runner up during the Sunday evening gala.

UPDATES ON THIS STORY: Sri Lanka arrests Mrs World over battle of beauties

The ceremony was not open to the media, but a video of the event was widely shared on social media Monday with many criticising both the organisers and Jurie, the current reigning Mrs. World for the brawl of beauties.

“If Mrs. World stands for demeaning other women by the reigning Mrs. World, then we no longer need men to put down women, because women do it better,” said Sri Lankan woman journalist Munza Mushtaq said in a message. “Utterly shameful!”

“What is the point of beauty without grace,” asked another woman editor Marianne David. “… Extreme lack of grace, dignity, decency on display.”

Police said distraught de Silva had been hospitalised after the de-crowning. She had complained of a head injury as her crown was pulled off along with pins holding up her hairdo.

However, organisers have reportedly said that they will organize another event on Tuesday to re-crown Pushpika who took to Facebook to insist that she had not divorced her husband, but was only separated from him.

“If I was unsuitable to compete, why did they wait till the finals,” she asked. The public stripping of the crown caused her deep hurt.

She said her young son was also traumatized by the events.

Police said an investigation into the assault complaint was underway.

“The minor offence branch is investigating this ugly incident at the beauty contest,” an officer at Colombo’s Cinnamon Gardens police said. “Parties have been asked to turn up at an inquiry, but the complainant is now in hospital.”

Sri Lanka has not had much luck at international beauty contests, but in 1984 won the first Mrs. World competition held in California when Rosy Senanayake was crowned the most beautiful married woman in the world. Jurie is also the latest Mrs. World after winning the Mrs. Sri Lanka title last year. (COLOMBO, April 5, 2021 – Update II)

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Sri Lanka’s banks may have to re-structure loans caught in progressive tax

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka’s banks should explore restructuring loans of salaried employees hit by progressive tax, Central Bank Governor Nandalal Weerasinghe said as progressive income taxes were imposed at lower thresholds amid high inflation following a sovereign default.

There have been complaints mainly by picketing state enterprise executives and also other workers of such agencies such Sri Lanka Port Authority that high progressive taxes were putting their bank accounts into overdraft after loan installments were cut.

“Yes, they have mentioned that,” Governor Weerasinghe said responding to questions from reporters.

“We have told the banks earlier as well. Because the interest rates are high and their business being reduced, the SME sector, the repaying capability has reduced.

“We have told them to explore their repaying capabilities and restructure their loans in order to safe guard both sides. At this time also we are asking the banks to do that.”

In the case of some state enterprises, the Pay-As-You-Earn tax, through which income tax is deducted from salaried employees in the past was not paid by the employee but the SOE.

Bad loans of the banking system overall had risen after the rupee collapsed, reducing the spending power in the economy, while rates also went up as money printing was scaled back, foreign funding stopped and the budget deficit widened.

The rate hike has prevented possible hyperinflation and a bigger implosion of the economy by stabilizing the external sector in the wake of previous mis-targeting of interest rates.

In the current currency crisis a delay in an IMF program due to China not giving debt assurances as well as fears of domestic debt re-structure has kept interest rates elevated.

Sri Lanka’s economic bureaucrats in 2020 cut taxes and also printed money, in a classic ‘Barber Boom’ style tactic implemented by UK economists and Chancellor Anthony Barber in 1971 to boost growth and employment.

The ‘Barber Boom’ ended in a currency crisis (at the time the UK did not have a floating rate and the Bretton Woods system was just starting to collapse under policies of Fed economists) and inflation of around 25 percent in the UK.

The UK implemented a three-day working week to conserve energy after stimulus while Sri Lanka saw widespread power cuts as forex shortages hit.

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Anthony Barber budget of 1971

Anthony Barber budget of 1972

Similar policies saw a worldwide revival as the US Fed economists injected money during the Covid crisis mis-using monetary policy to counter a real economic shock and boost employment while the government gave stimulus checques.

Now the world is facing an output shock as a hangover the Covid pandemic recedes.

The re-introduction of progressive tax at a maximum rate of 36 percent while tax brackets high jumped with the rupee collapsing from 200 to 360 to the US dollar had reduced disposable incomes further.

Salaries employees were encouraged to get loans in 2020 with the central bank mandating a 7 percent ceiling rate for five years.

However, any borrower who got loans on floating rates long before the scheme are now facing higher rates. (Colombo/Feb06/2023)

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Sri Lanka to address SME tax problems at first opportunity: State Minister

ECONOMYNEXT – Problems faced by Sri Lanka’s small and medium enterprises from recent tax changes will be addressed at the first opportunity, State Minister for Finance Ranjith Siyambalapitiya said.

Business chambers had raised questions about hikes in Value Added Tax, Corporate Income Tax and the Social Security Contribution Levy (SSCL) that’s been imposed.

It should be explored on how to amend the Inland Revenue Act, Siyamabalapitiya said, adding that the future months should be considered as a period where the country is being stabilized.

Both the VAT and SSCL are effectively paid by customers, but the SSCL is a cascading tax that makes running businesses difficult.

In Sri Lanka SMEs make up a large part of the economy, accounting for 80 per cent of all businesses according to according to the island’s National Human Resources and Employment Policy.

(Colombo/ Feb 05/2023)

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Sri Lanka revenues Rs158.7bn in Jan 2023 up 51-pct

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka’s government revenues were 158.7 billion rupees in January 2023 but expenditure and debt service remained high, Cabinet spokesman Minister Bandula Gunawardana said.

In January 2022 total revenues were Rs104.5 billion according to central bank data.

Sri Lanka’s tax revenues have risen sharply amid an inflationary blow off which had boosted nominal GDP while President Ranil Wickremesinghe has also raised taxes.

Departing from a previous strategy advocated by the IMF expanding the state and not cutting expenses, called revenue based fiscal consolidation, he is attempting to do classical fiscal consolidation with spending restraint.

President Ranil Wickremesinghe has presented a note to cabinet requesting state expenditure to be controlled, Gunawardana told reporters.

State Salaries cost 87.4 billion rupees.

Pensions and income supplements (Samurdhi program) were29.5 billion rupees.

Other expenses were 10.8 billion rupees.

Capital spending was   21 billion rupees.

Debt service was 377.6 billion rupees for January which has to be done with borrowings from Treasury bills, bonds and a central bank provisional advance of 100 billion rupees, Gunawardana said.

Interest costs were not separately given. (Colombo/Feb05/2023)

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