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Sunday January 29th, 2023

Sri Lanka’s “fascist threat” must be contained, says Acting President Wicrkremesinghe

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka is facing a “fascist threat” that needs to be contained, newly appointed Acting President and Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe said, announcing a curfew and state of emergency after hundreds of protestors took control of the Prime Minister’s office.

In a video statement released Wednesday July 13 afternoon, Wickremesinghe said he has appointed a committee comprising military commanders and the police chief to enforce the curfew and state of emergency.

Citing intelligence reports, Wickremesinghe claimed that factions of Sri Lanka’s newly emergent anti-government protest movement – known as the aragalaya (or struggle) – had plotted to seize and occupy the president’s and prime minister’s official residences and offices as well as the parliament complex.

Last Saturday, July 09, tens of thousands of protestors congregated in Colombo Fort in an attempt to force the ouster of President Gotabaya Rajapaksa, who has now fled to the Maldives. At the time of writing, protestors are  occupying the PM’s office in addition to the President’s House, the PM’s official residence Temple Trees, and the Presidential Secretariat.

“We had received intelligence that even if the president left, sections of the aragalaya had planned to seize the PM’s office, to surround the air force commander’s house for providing the president an aircraft to fly to the Maldives, and to surround the houses of the army and navy commanders as well.

“The plan was to seize power. There was also a plan to surround parliament. The speaker had met with the chief of defence staff who had agreed to protect the parliament complex, so they didn’t get a chance to go there today,” said Wickremesinghe.

Wednesday’s group of protestors, numbering thousands, were met with stiff resistance by police but managed to break through barricades and storm the building.

“They have no reason at all to enter the prime minister’s office,” said Wickremesinghe.

“What they want is to prevent me as acting president together with the speaker from electing a new president. They want to elect their candidate,” he said.

Speaker Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena said earlier on Wednesday that the president will be sending his resignation letter within the day and that the election of a new president from the current parliament will go ahead as planned on July 20.

Wickremesinghe complained of the extraconstitutional methods that he said some protestors are resorting to.

“Some have said there is no point in consulting parliament or the country’s constitution but to do what they say instead. Parliament is what gives expression to people’s sovereignty and franchise. The country’s constitution cannot be torn up. Some even said we don’t need a constitution. That’s anti-constitutional,” he said.

“They’re attempting to spread fascism in this country. Some of our mainstream parties have joined this today,” he added.

Wickremesinghe said party leaders had already met by Wednesday afternoon to discuss the situation that would emerge upon the president’s resignation. He had already pledged to resign as PM when an all-party government is formed, he said, and it was agreed to reconvene on Friday July 15.

“Those who wished to be nominated agreed to speak to other MPs for their support. There was a democratic environment in the country,” he said.

The prime minister said he was advised by the security establishment to declare curfew and a state of emergency, which are now both under way, to contain the protests that sprang up earlier in the day and are still ongoing.

“We must eliminate this fascist threat. Ordinary citizens’ houses must be protected,” he said.

“They cannot be allowed to occupy the president’s house, Temple Trees, presidential secretariat and misplace the documents contained within them. So I have advised the defence establishment to enforce curfew and emergency and bring the situation back to normal.”

The committee has been given all the powers needed to carry out its mandate with no political interefence, said Wickremesinghe.

“I ask all of you, this is your future. It’s a time to protect the law and the peace, for you and for your children. I ask you to therefore fully cooperate with the forces and the police,” he said.


opposition leader Sajith Premadasa claimed authorities have launched a campaign of suppression on the people.

He asked whether President Rajapska had actually resigned or whether prime minister Wickremesinghe did not hear the call of the people.

“I am asking the young people to protest without causing harm,” he said. “Do not lay a hand on public or private property. I am asking dear security forces not to be pawns of an oppressive regime,” he said.

Ex-President Maithripala Sirisena said an unstable situation had emerged and the quickest way to solve it was for Wickremesinghe to resign without creating conflicts between the people and security forces.

“I am pleading in the name of God for Ranil Wickremesinghe to resign fast,” he said. (Colombo/Jul13/2022)

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Sri Lanka operators seek higher renewable tariffs, amid exchange rate expectations

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka’s renewable companies say they need tariff of 40 to 45 rupees a unit to sell power to the Ceylon Electricity Board and the agency owes them tens of billions of rupees for power sold in the past.

The association has strong exchange rate expectations based on the country’s dual anchor conflicting monetary regimes involving flexible inflation targeting with a reserve collecting target.

“In the coming year of course because of the rupee devaluation, I think the solar energy sector might require tariffs closer to RS 40 or RS 45, hydropower will also require tariffs on that scale,” Prabath Wickremasinghe President of the Small hydropower Developers Association told reporters.

“I think right now what they pay us is averaging around RS 15 to RS 20.”

Some of the earlier plants are paid only 9 rupees a unit, he said. The association there is potential to develop around 200 Mega Watts of mini hydros, 700 to 1000MW of ground mounted soar and about 1,000 rooftop solar.

In addition to the rupee collapse, global renewable energy costs are also up, in the wake of higher oil prices in the recent past and energy disruption in Europe.

The US Fed and the ECB have tightened monetary policy and global energy and food commodity price are now easing.

However in a few years the 40 to 45 rupee tariffs will look cheap, Wickremesinghe pointed out, given the country’s monetary policy involving steep depreciation.

From 2012 to 2015 the rupee collapsed from 113 to 131 to the US dollar. From 2015 to 2019 the rupee collapsed from 131 to 182 under flexible inflation targeting cum exchange rate as the first line of defence where the currency is deprecated instead of hiking rates and halting liquidity injections.

From 2020 to 2022 the rupee collapsed from 182 to 360 under output gap targeting (over stimulus) and exchange rate as the first line of defence.

“The tariffs are paid in rupees,” Wickremasinghe said. With the rupee continuing to devalue in other 5 years 40 rupees will look like 20 rupees.”

Sri Lanka has the worst central bank in South Asia after Pakistan. Both central banks started with the rupee at 4.70 to the US dollars, derived from the Reserve Bank of India, which was set up as a private bank like the Bank of England.

India started to run into forex shortages after the RBI was nationalized and interventionist economic bureaucrats started to run the agency. Sri Lanka’s and Pakistan’s central bank were run on discretionary principles by economic bureaucrats from the beginning.

The Central Bank of Sri Lanka was set up with a peg with gold acting as the final restraint on economic bureaucrats, but it started to depreciated steeply from 1980 as the restraint was taken away.

Now under so-called ‘exchange rate as the first line of defence’ whenever the currency comes under pressure due to inflationary policy (liquidity injections to target an artificially low policy rate or Treasuries yields) the currency is depreciated instead of allowing rates to normalize.

Eventually rates also shoot up, as attempts are made to stabilize the currency which collapses from ‘first line of defence’ triggering downgrades along the way.

After the currency collapse, the Ceylon Electricity Board, finances are shattered and it is unable to pay renewable operators.

Unlike the petroleum, which has to stop delivery as it runs out of power, renewable operators continue to deliver as their domestic value added is higher.

However they also have expenses including salaries of staff to pay.

The CEB which is also running higher losses after the central bank printed money and triggered a currency collapse, has not settled renewable producers.

“In the meantime, we have financial issues with the investors and CEB owns more than 45 million rupees in the industry,” Warna Dahanayaka, Secretary of Mini Hydro Association, said at the conference.

“We can’t sustain because we can’t pay the salaries and we can’t sustain also because of the bank loans. Therefore, we are requesting the government to take the appropriate action for this matter.”

Sri Lanka and Pakistan have identical issues in the power sector including large losses, circular debt, subsidies due to depreciating currencies.

In Sri Lanka there is strong support from the economists outside government for inflationary policy and monetary instability.

The country’s exporters, expatriate workers, users of unofficial gross settlement systems, budget deficits and interbank forex dealers in previous crises have been blamed for monetary instability rather than the unworkable impossible trinity regime involving conflicting domestic (inflation target) and external targets (foreign reserves).

The country has no doctrinal foundation in sound money and there is both fear of floating and hard peg phobia among opinion leaders on both sides of the spectrum regardless of whether they are state or private sector like any Latin American country, critics say.


South Asia, Sri Lanka currency crises; only 2-pct know monetary cause: World Bank survey

A World Bank survey last year found that only 2 percent of ‘experts’ surveyed by the agency knew that external monetary instability was generated by the central bank. Most blamed trade in severe knee jerk reaction. (Colombo/Jan29/2023)

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Sri Lanka top chamber less pessimistic on 2023 GDP contraction

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka’s top business chamber said it was expecting an economic contraction of up to 2 percent in 2023, which is much lower than projected by international agencies.

“The forecast of 2023 is quite negative in terms of the international forecasters,” Shiran Fernando Chief Economist of Ceylon Chamber of Commerce told a business forum in Colombo.

“Our view is that there will be some level of contraction, may be zero to two percent. But I think as the year progresses in particular the second half, we will see consumption picking up.”

The World Bank is projecting a 4.2 percent contraction in 2023.

In 2022 Sri Lanka’s economy is expected to contract around 8 to 9 percent with gross domestic product shrinking 7.1 percent up to September.

Most businesses have seen a consumption hit, but not as much as indicated, Fernando said.

“Consumption is not falling as much as GDP in sense and we are seeing much more resilient consumer,” he said.

Sri Lanka’s economy usually starts to recover around 15 to 20 months after each currency crisis triggered by the island’s soft-pegged central bank in its oft repeated action of mis-targeting rates through aggressive open market operation or rejecting real bids at Treasuries auctions. (Colombo/Jan28/2023)

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Acuity Knowledge Partners with Sri Lanka office to be bought by Permira

ECONOMYNEXT – Permira, an investment fund with operations in Europe, US and Asia is buying a majority stake in Acuity Knowledge Partners, which has a 500 seat center in Sri Lanka for a undisclosed sum.

Equistone Partners Europe, from which Permira is buying the stake will remain a minority investor, the statement said.

In 2019, Equistone backed a management buyout of Acuity from Moody’s Corporation.

Acuity Knowledge Partners says it serves a global client base of over 500 financial services firms, including banks, asset managers, advisory firms, private equity houses and consultants.

“Despite the current challenges for the financial services sector, we have experienced continued growth and a strong demand for our solutions and services,” Robert King, CEO of Acuity Knowledge Partners, said.

“Given the significant demand within the financial services sector for value-added research and analytics, and the need for operational efficiency, with Permira’s deep experience in tech-enabled services and its global network, I am confident the business will continue to flourish.”

London headquartered Acuity has offices in the UK, USA, India, Sri Lanka, Costa Rica, China and Dubai, UAE.

Equistone was advised on the transaction by Rothschild & Co and DC Advisory, and Latham & Watkins acted as legal counsel. Robert W. Baird Limited served as financial advisers to Permira, and Clifford Chance is acting as legal counsel.

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