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Tuesday February 27th, 2024

Sri Lanka’s school teachers to return to work on Oct 25 but TU campaign to continue

Schools remain closed in Sri Lanka as COVID-19 cases continue to surge

ECONOMYNEXT – An alliance of school teacher and principal trade unions in Sri Lanka who have been on strike for over three months demanding higher pay said on Monday (18) that they will resume duties next week (25) but will continue to agitate and refrain from non-academic work.

Spokespersons for Ceylon Teachers and Principals Trade Union Alliance told reporters that, however, teachers will not report to work on October 21 and 22 when schools are officially scheduled to reopen after months of closure due to the COVID-19 epidemic.

“We ask all principals and teachers to go to schools on October 25 and restart the education process,” President of the Ceylon Teachers and Principals Trade Union Alliance Yalwela Pannasekara thero said.

“But we will not stop our struggle. Even after resuming teaching, we will continue our strike [by not engaging in non-academic work such as overseeing extracurricular activities]. This decision was taken not under pressure but by thinking about our children,” he said.

School teachers and principals in Sri Lanka are on strike for the 99th day as of Monday, demanding that the government resolve long lasting salary anomalies in the two services.

The government proposed to increase their salaries in a four-year strategy, but upon the rejection of that proposal, the government later proposed to give the increments in two installments. The unions rejected this, too, and continued the strike asking for the salaries to be increased in one go.

For teachers in the lowest grade (3/2), the proposed total increment is 3,750 rupees and for grade 1/3 it is 1,250 rupees, all of which will be implemented next January as per the government’s two step proposal.

“Is this a big enough increment for teachers?” Ceylon Teachers Union Secretary Joseph Stalin told said.

However, he said, teachers will resume all education activities from October 25 onwards and ask the government to open all schools if possible saying the teachers will report to work.

“We have made a firm decision. We will continue the strike on October 21 and 22. And on October 25, it is we – not the government – who have decided to go to school on our own,” he said.

The government said that, initially, primary schools with a maximum of 200 students between grades 1 to 5 will be opened on October 21, will higher grades will be opened in three steps. The government hopes to open schools for all grades by November.

“Only around 3,000 schools have fewer than 200 students. And for that they need around 10,000 teachers,” said Stalin.

“We will go for our union action with the fourth step being initiated. We have planned a campaign including strikes, protests and parent meetings while continuing the education of children,” he said. (Colombo /Oct 18/2021)

Related: Sri Lanka teachers’ trade unions stick to their guns, continue strike

Sri Lanka teachers’ strike: minister threatens legal action if teachers disrupt school reopening

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Sri Lanka president appoints Supreme Court-faulted official as police chief after CC clearance

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka President Ranil Wickremesinghe appointed Deshbandu Tennakoon as the 36th Inspector General of Police (IGP) of the country after the Constitutional Council (CC) cleared the official who along with three other police officers were asked by the Supreme Court to compensate 2 million rupees in a fundamental rights case last year.

“President Ranil Wickremesinghe has appointed Deshbandu Tennakoon as the IGP in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution,” the President’s Media Division (PMD) said.

The island nation’s Supreme Court on December 14 ordered Tennakoon when he was the Acting IGP and three other officials to pay a compensation of 500,000 rupees each for the violation of the fundamental rights of an individual.

The Supreme Court also instructed the Police Commission to take disciplinary action against the said Police officers after it considered the petition filed by W. Ranjith Sumangala who had accused the Police officers of violating his fundamental rights during his detention at Mirihana Police Station in 2011.

The Supreme Court held that the four police officers violated the fundamental rights of the petitioner by his illegal arrest, detention and subjection to torture at the Mirihana Police Station, which was under the supervision of Tennakoon at the time of the arrest.

President’s Secretary Saman Ekanayake presented the official appointment letter to Tennakoon on Monday (26) at the Presidential Secretariat.

When Tennakoon was asked over if the Supreme Court decision would have an impact on his appointment as the IGP last week, he declined to comment, saying that it was a Supreme Court matter and he does not want to say anything about it.

Tennakoon was also criticized by Colombo Archbishop Cardinal Malcolm Ranjith when he was appointed as the Acting IGP citing allegations against him related to security lapses leading up to the Easter Sunday attacks which killed at least 269 in April 2019.

However, Tennakoon rejected the allegations. (Colombo/Feb 26/2024)

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No water tariff hike in Sri Lanka this year: Minister

Millennium Challenge Corporation Photo.

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka’s planned water tariff formula is ready, and the government will implement it this year only if the formula’s tariff is lower than the current price, Water Supply Minister Jeevan Thondaman said.

President Ranil Wickremesinghe’s government has been implementing IMF-led pricing policies on utilities and the Water Supply Ministry has already come up with a formula.

“There is a water tariff formula in place right now and we are waiting for it to be drafted and seek approval from the cabinet,” Thondaman told reporters at a media briefing in Colombo on Monday.

“Once this water tariff formula is in place, there will be an annual revision with an option of biannual review.

The formula has been developed with the help of the Asian Development Bank. The formula includes electricity and exchange rate among many others as components like the fuel formula.

The National Water Supply and Drainage Board (NWS&DB) increased the water tariff in August 2023, claiming that the operating cost had been increased owing to high interest payment for bank loans and increased electricity prices.

The last year revision saw the consumers paying 30-50 percent increase from the existing water bill.

Minister Thondaman said he will implement the new formula this year only if there is a reduction.

TARIFF CUT WILL BE IMPLEMENTED 

“We will have to wait to see what the formula is. If the formula shows us there needs to be a reduction in the water tariff, we can implement it. But if there is an increase, why should we burden the people when we are on a road to recovery?” he said.

He said a group of experts including University Professors are working on the formula and the numbers.

“Once they come with the number, we will have to take a decision on whether we are going to impose on the people or not,” he said.

“We have already spoken to the Asian Development Bank and informed them we have established the formula. But according to the ADB requirement of this policy-based loan, the implementation period is only in 2025.”

“But right now, you want to take the approval for the formula for sustainability.”

The Energy Ministry is considering a drastic slash in electricity tariff soon. Thondaman said the exact numbers will be decided on after the finalized electricity tariff.

However, he said that as per the formula, there has to be a up to 10 percent increase in the water tariff as of now.

“Given the current formula set up, there must be around a 9-10 percent increase. It was actually at 14 percent. What we have done is since it is at 14 percent, we also did a calculation to see how we can do a cost cutting,” he said.

“So, despite our cost cutting measures, there will be an increase of 9 or 10 percent. But we will not be imposing it as of now because this year is meant to be policy sector reforms. Next year is meant to be the implementation.”

“As per August 2023 water tariff hike, we are able to come close to sustainable. So right now, there is no issue in the water sector. But a formula eventually needs to be established.” (Colombo/Feb 26/2024)

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Sri Lanka rupee closes at 310.80/311.00 to the US dollar

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka’s rupee closed at 310.80/311.00 to the US dollar Monday, from 310.95/311.05 on Thursday, dealers said.

Bond yields were down.

A bond maturing on 01.02.2026 closed stable at 10.60/80 percent.

A bond maturing on 15.09.2027 closed at 11.80/90 percent down from 11.90/12.05 percent.

A bond maturing on 15.03.2028 closed at 12.00/12.15 percent down from 12.10/25 percent.

A bond maturing on 15.07.2029 closed at 12.20/70 percent from 12.20/95 percent.

A bond maturing on 15.05.2030 closed at 12.30/70 percent down from 12.40/95 percent.

A bond maturing on 15.05.2031 closed at 12.60/80 percent from 12.45/13.00 percent.

A bond maturing on 01.07.2032 closed at 12.50/90 percent from 12.50/13.30 percent. (Colombo/Feb26/2024)

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